Villi Bharatham In Tamil.pdf
Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf
Villi Bharatham is a 14th century Tamil rendition of Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic that narrates the story of the Kurukshetra War and its aftermath. Villi Bharatham was written by Villiputturar, a poet and a devotee of Lord Shiva, who lived in Tiruvarur, a town in Tamil Nadu. Villi Bharatham is considered as one of the masterpieces of Tamil literature and a gem of Indian culture. It is a poetic and spiritual rendition of Mahabharata that celebrates the glory of Lord Vishnu and Krishna and the devotion of their devotees.
History and Significance of Villi Bharatham
Villi Bharatham was composed by Villiputturar in the 14th century CE, during the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire. Villiputturar was inspired by the Mahabharata, which he heard from a Brahmin named Kanchi Sivacharya. Villiputturar decided to write his own version of Mahabharata in Tamil, using the villi meter, which is a form of verse that consists of four lines with seven syllables each. Villiputturar also added his own interpretations and embellishments to the original story, making it more appealing to the Tamil audience.
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Villi Bharatham is divided into six parts, namely Kandam, Parvam, Padalam, Kandikai, Adhyayam and Palam. The first part, Kandam, contains 32 chapters and covers the genealogy of the Pandavas and the Kauravas, the birth and childhood of Krishna, the marriage of Draupadi, the exile of the Pandavas, and the preparations for the war. The second part, Parvam, contains 18 chapters and covers the events of the war, such as the Bhagavad Gita, the death of Bhishma, Drona, Karna and Duryodhana, and the victory of the Pandavas. The third part, Padalam, contains 10 chapters and covers the aftermath of the war, such as the coronation of Yudhishthira, the departure of Krishna, and the ascent of the Pandavas to heaven. The fourth part, Kandikai, contains 100 verses and summarizes the main themes and morals of Villi Bharatham. The fifth part, Adhyayam, contains 18 verses and praises Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati. The sixth part, Palam, contains one verse and states that whoever reads or listens to Villi Bharatham will attain salvation.
Villi Bharatham is significant for several reasons. First, it is one of the earliest and most influential adaptations of Mahabharata in Tamil. It influenced many later works, such as Periyapuranam by Sekkizhar, Kamba Ramayanam by Kambar, Thiruvilayadal Puranam by Paranjothi Munivar, and Thiruppavai by Andal. Second, it is a rich source of information about the culture and society of medieval Tamil Nadu. It reflects the religious beliefs, customs, festivals, arts, literature, music, architecture, warfare, politics and administration of that period. Third, it is a remarkable example of poetic excellence and creativity. It showcases the beauty and versatility of the Tamil language and its poetic forms. It also demonstrates Villiputturar's mastery over various literary devices, such as similes, metaphors, alliterations, rhymes, puns and paradoxes.
How to Access Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf
Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf is a digital file that contains the text of Villi Bharatham in Tamil script. It can be accessed online or downloaded to a computer or a mobile device. There are several websites that offer Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf for free or for a nominal fee. Some examples are:
[Tamil Virtual Academy]: This website provides Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf along with an introduction page that explains its history and significance.
[Cresswell & Lynemouth]: This website provides Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf along with a brief summary of its contents.
[946 & Co]: This website provides Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf along with some insights on its literary features.
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Villi Bharatham in Tamil.pdf is a valuable resource for anyone who is interested in Tamil literature, culture and history. It is a unique and captivating rendition of Mahabharata that showcases the genius and devotion of Villiputturar. It is also a convenient and accessible way to enjoy the beauty and wisdom of Villi Bharatham in Tamil.